Gender Disparities in End of Life Care

Traditional gender norms and expectations may disproportionately impact in-home palliative care received by women. A recent scoping review by Wong and Phillips (2022) evaluated the literature describing gender disparities in end-of-life care to explore relevant themes to inform future research and practice. The authors define gender as a social construct related to opportunities and constraints arising from sex roles in contrast to sex as the biology of being a man or woman. Six major themes related to gender disparities were identified: living situation, symptom experience, care context, care preferences, caregiving, and coping strategies. The authors highlighted the role of palliative care professionals to challenge these gender disparities by building awareness of personal biases. Read more…